1- THE RATIONALE GOODNESS AND BADNESS
WE BELIEVE that human wisdom can appreciate many good things to distinct from the bad ones, and the right from wrong; by his blessful power of distinction, which God has given him. Even before coming of the prophets with the LAW, Man could rationally distinguish many good and bad. For instance he could easily understand that justice is good and oppression is bad. Man could know that some ethics like: truthfulness, honesty, bravery and generosity are good deeds; and that, lying; betrayal and jealousy are bad morals. But as the wisdom is not able to comprehend all that is good or bad, and his knowledge, whatever, is limited, The prophets were sent with book for guidance and the LAW to improve man’s faculty and morals, helping his wisdom in that.
Of course we deny not the value of the independent WISDOM which comprehends the facts. If so; the Monotheism, the prophetic missions, and the Divine religion, will all be futile! For all these important tenets are basically proved by the reasoning of the wisdom. It is evident that the LAW and the commandments are only acceptable when the principles which are Monotheism and prophethood have been proved to us through wisdom, and by the religion itself.
2- GOD’S JUSTICE
So do we believe in God’s JUSTICE, and we say it is impossible for God to oppress any creature of His at the least amount, or to punish His servants without any reason or to forgive them without a reason. It is also Impossible that God may leave His promises unfulfilled.
We also know it to be impossible that God may abandon His servants without giving them necessary guidance.
All these are ugly and indecent, of which the Omnipotent God is far and clear.
3- MAN’S FREEDOM
So do we believe that God has created Man free? He has given us FREE WILL, and we have options to do what we may do. If not so, why should He punish a sinner who is supposed to be compelled to do so.?
To make it short, rational good and bad as mentioned above, and independent wisdom are bases for the acceptance of divine Religion, Scriptures, and the prophets, but not enough, because we have a limited wisdom, by which we can not grasp all that we need. So we have to have divine guidance for improving our WISDOM and understanding.
4- WISDOM SERVERS AS A REFERENCE IN OUR RELIGIOUS JURIS-PRUDENCE
Following what we mentioned above, one of the principle references in Islam is wisdom’s reasoning. The wisdom comprehends something definitely and then judges. For instance; if we find no reason or proof in the book or in the prophet’s methodical way, (SUNNAT) to show us that OPPRESSION, BETRAYAL, LYING and committing MURDER, are too bad and unlawful deeds, We would certainly reject them by the reasoning of our wisdom, and we make sure that God never likes us to do such things. This is why we conclude that the wisdom too, is a DIVINE BASE of our religious judgements.
The Holy QURÃ˜N is full of verses showing the importance of the wisdom as abase or reference for the judgements in religious researches.-
“In the creation of the heavens, and the earth, and the alternation of DAY and night, there are indeed SIGNS for men of wisdom and understanding.”
THE HOLY QURAN _ S3: 190
Some reveal the aim of sending the scriptures to improve the power of wisdom and understanding of Man:_
“See how we have explained our SIGNS variously so that they may understand.”
THE HOLY QURAN _ S6: 65
“We have sent it down as an Arabic QURAN, in order that you may use your wisdom.”
THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE PAINFUL ACCIDENTS
WE BELIEVE that the painful accidents that sometimes occur, such as the earthquakes, calamities, and misfortunes, might be that of God’s punishment, as it was with the case of the people of LOT:_
“When our decree was issued, we turned (THEIR CITIES) upside down, and rained down on them brimstones, hard as baked clay, spread layer on layer.”
THE HOLY QURAN _ S11: 82
And about the ungrateful and rebellious people of SABA, GOD says:_
“But they turned away (FROM THEIR LORD) and we sent against them the flood from the DAMS.”
THE HOLY QURAN _ S34: 16
Some other painful incident are to admonish people and to teach them lessons:_
“Mischief has appeared on land and sea by what the hands of MAN have earned, that Allah may give them a taste of some of their deeds, in order that they may return back from evil.
THE HOLY QURAN _ S30: 41
Other pains are what our hands make it and are due to our ignorance and carelessness:_
“Whatever good (O Man) Happens to you is from Allah: but whatever evil happens to you; is from yourself.”
THE HOLY QURAN _ S4: 79